In answering the question “Are there Welfare Policies in Nigeria?” and if there are “are they implemented?” the first thing that comes to mind is “what is a welfare policy?” in understanding the term welfare policy, there is a need to break the concepts, first. What is welfare?
According to the oxford dictionary, welfare is the health, happiness, and fortunes of a person or group. It is also defined as the statutory procedure or social effort designed to promote the basic physical and material well-being of people in need.
It can also be defined as the provision of minimal level of wellbeing and social support for all citizens. Welfare can take a variety of forms, such as monetary payments, subsidies and vouchers, or housing assistance. Welfare systems differ from country to country, but welfare is commonly provided to individuals who are unemployed, those with illness or disability, the elderly, those with dependent children and veterans.
Policy, on the other hand, is a statement of intention, committed towards intervention in a social situation. Policy is a thought out decision or plan of action about the type of desired change to any given problem or situation.
A policy is a deliberate system of principles to guide decisions and achieve rational outcomes. A policy is a statement of intent, and is implemented as a procedure or protocol.
In other words, Welfare Policies are legislative documents that contain guidelines and directives for the provision of minimal level of well-being and social support for all citizens. It can also be referred to as guidelines, principles, legislation and activities that affect the living conditions conducive to human welfare.
Having clarified these concepts, it is imperative to go back to the question at hand. Are there welfare policies in Nigeria?